Oats are a great source of dietary fibre and contain a ratio of approximately 55 percent soluble fibre and 45 percent insoluble fibre. Oats have a high vitamin b1 content, which is required by the body for carbohydrate metabolism . On a per gram basis, oats contain a higher concentration of protein, calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc, copper, manganese, thiamin, folacin and vitamin e than many other unfortified whole grains, such as wheat, barley, corn and rice. Oats contain an excellent balance of essential amino acids. Amino acids are proteins that help optimum functioning of the body.